The uranium isotopes during their course of their disintegration decay into other radioactive elements and eventually decay into stable lead isotopes. The cause of environmental concern is the emanation of beta and gamma radiation during disintegration. The present study tends to estimate uranium in groundwater trapped in granite and gneiss rocks. Besides, the study aims at estimating the radiation during natural disintegration process. The water samples were collected and analyzed following inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric technique while water sample collection was given to the regions of Kolar District, South India, due to the representation. The significant finding was the observation of very high levels of uranium in groundwater compared to similar assays reported at other nearby districts. Also, the levels were considerable to those compared to groundwater levels of uranium reported by other scientists. On the basis of this study, it was inferred that the origin of uranium was from granite strata and there was a trend of diffusion observed in the course of flow-path of water in the region.
- (2002-2005). District Report at a glance. District Statistical Department.
Almeida, R. M. R.; Lauria, D. C.; Ferreira, A. C.; Sracek, O., (2004). Groundwater radon, radium and uranium
concentrations in Regiao dos Lagos, Rio de Janeiro State. Brazil. J. Environ. Radio., 73 (3), 323-334 (12 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2003.10.006. Abstract | Full Text (435 K)
APHA (1995). Standard methods for the examination of water
and wastewater. 19th. Ed., Public health association, American water works Association and water environment fedration, USA.
Athavale, R. N.; Rangarajan, R.; Rao, S. M., (1992). Determination of the flow direction of geothermal water at Manikaran using the bore hole tracer technique. J. Geol. Soc. India., 39 (4), 329-337 (9 Pages)Abstract
Bleise, A.; Danesi, P. R.; Burkart, W., (2003). Properties use
and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): A general
overview. J. Environ. Radio., 64 (2-3), 93-112 (20 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/S0265-931X(02)00041-3. Abstract | Full Text (116 K)
CWC (2000). Water and related statistics. Central Water Commission,Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India, New Delhi, India
Dillon, Marc E.; Carter, Gregory L.; Arora, Ram; Kahn, Bernd, (1991). Radon concentrations in ground water of the Georgia
piedmont. Health Physics., 60 (2), 229-236 (8 Pages). Full Text
Fontes, J., (1983). Dating of groundwater. Guidebook of Nuclear techniques in Hydrology, Technical Report Series No. 91, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, , 285-317 (33 Pages)
Guogang Jia, Maria Belli, Umberto Sansone, Silvia Rosamilia
and Stefania Gaudino. (2005). Concentration and
characteristics of depleted uranium in water, air and biological
samples collected in Serbia and Montenegro. Appl. Radiat. Isotopes, 63 (3), 381-399 (19 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.003. Abstract | Full Text (263 K)
Hakam, O. K.; Choukri, A.; Moutia, Z.; Chouak, A.; Cherkaoui,
R.; Reyss J. L.; Lferde, M., (2001). Uranium and radium in
groundwater and surface water samples in Morocco. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 61 (3), 653-654 (2 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/S0969-806X(01)00362-0. Abstract | Full Text (63 K)
Hess, C. T.; Michel, J.; Harton, T. R.; Procured, H. M.; Coniglio,
W. A., (1985). The occurrences of radioactivity in public
water supplies in United States. Health Phys., 48 (5), 553-586 (34 Pages)Abstract | Full Text
Iyengar, M. A. R., (1990). The natural distribution of radium.
The environmental behaviour of radium. Technical Reports Series No. 310, Int. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, , 59-128 (70 Pages)
Lal, D.; Suess, H. E., (1968). The radioactive of the atmosphere
and hydrosphere. Ann. Rev. Nuclear Sci., 18, 407-434 (28 Pages), DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ns.18.120168.002203.. Full Text
Lawrie, W. C.; Desmond, J. A.; Spence, D.; Anderson, S.;
Edmondson, C.; (2000). Determination of radium-226 in
environmental and personal monitoring samples. Appl. Radiat.Isotopes, 53 (1), 133-137 (5 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/S0969-8043(00)00168-8. Abstract | Full Text (104 K)
Mahesh, H. M.; Avadhani, D. N.; Someshekarappa, H. M.;
Karunakara, N.; Narayana, Y., and Siddappa, K., (2001). Uranium concentration in water samples in the environment
of coastal Karnataka and Kaiga. Proc. Nat. Sem. Atom. Energ. Ecol Environ., , 113-116 (4 Pages)
Manjunath, S., (2002). Investigation of the Environmental radioactivity
in uranium bearing quartz pebble conglomerate horizon
around Chickmagalur. Ph.D. Thesis published by University of Mysore.Department of Studies in Physics., Manasagangotri, University of Mysore.
Orloff, K. G.; Mistry, K.; Charp, P., (2004). Human exposure
to uranium in groundwater. Environ. Res., 94 (3), 319-326 (8 Pages), DOI: 10.1016/S0013-9351(03)00115-4. Abstract | Full Text (151 K)
Padam Singh, N. P. S.; Ameer A.; Naqvi, A. H.; Srivasan, D. S., (1995). Uranium contents in various water samples of
Kanpur as determined by fission track technique. Proc. of 14th. National Symposium on Environment., , 201-204 (4 Pages)
Panziquiang, Y. Y.; Guo M., (1988). National radiation and
radioacivity in china radiation. Protec. Dosimetry., 24 (1-4), 8-29 (22 Pages)
UNSCEAR., (1982). Ionizing Radiation: Sources and biological
effects. UN Report., New York.