Tree bark is among the widely available and low-cost sorbents for metal adsorption in aqueous environments. A state-of-the-art review is compiled carrying out a comprehensive literature search on the biosorption of heavy metals in solution onto different bark species, including a characterization of bark structure and chemistry. The results indicate that biosorption has been gaining importance for bark valorization purposes. Promising heavy metal uptake values have already been attained using different bark species. These values are comparable to those obtained with commercial activated carbons. Bark has a cost advantage over activated carbon and can be used without any pretreatment. Thus, bark offers a green alternative to remove heavy metals from industrial waters. A brief survey of the chemical composition and structure of different bark species is presented. Suggestions are made to improve screening of bark species for specific heavy metal ions sorption.